Domestic violence refers to violence, abuse and intimidation between people who are are currently or have previously been in an intimate relationship. The perpetrator uses violence to control and dominate the other person. This causes fear, physical harm and/or psychological harm. Domestic violence is a violation of human rights.
Domestic violence in Australia can include:
- physical assault
- sexual assault
- verbal abuse
- emotional abuse
- financial abuse
- technology-facilitated abuse
- social abuse – isolating someone from their friends and family
- spiritual abuse – stopping someone from practicing their religion.
Some communities, such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, prefer the term ‘family violence’ to domestic violence. Family violence refers to violence between family members (for example children and parents) as well as intimate partners. For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, the term ‘family violence’ better reflects their understanding and experience of violence. [i]
[i] Phillips, J & Vandenbroek, P (2014) Domestic, family and sexual violence in Australia: an overview of the issues. Department of Parliamentary Services, Canberra.